A blog dedicated to The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald and everything about the 1920's

This Day In History: 1920's Edition

  • 1925 - The Chrysler Corporation is founded by Walter Percy Chrysler.

Sunday, June 6, 2010

Prohibition

On January 16th, 1919 following centuries of protest and growing support for the temperance movement the 18th Amendment banning the sale and production of Alcohol in the United States was passed by the United States Congress. This brought about the age of Prohibition which led to widespread crime, bootlegging, and growth of mafia groups.

(A Lithograph from the early years of Temperance showing the progression of Drunkenness, click for full picture.)


The temperance movement began very early on even before the United States had become the United States. Many religious groups believed alcohol was the devils drink and as such pushed for Temperance even prior to the American Revolution.

As the years went on throughout the veins of American History there was a progression of Temperance led primarily by women who believe that Alcohol had a undesirable effect on their men. By the late 1800's the temperance movement was being led by women temperance groups who had religious backgrounds as well.

When progressivism began to take hold in the early 1900's the temperance movement took an even stronger hold in the political realm. By 1919 prohibition had come about with the installment of the 18th amendment.



However all was not well. There were many people who disliked the law. Many went against it which brought about the implications of Organized crime and mobsters. There was also a spike in bootlegging and beer runners. With the banning of alcohol people still found ways to enjoy a drink. Speakeasies became a mainstay of urban areas named so because they needed to keep quiet as to not attract attention from police.



With so many problems arising from prohibition and the means to control it dwindling due to the Great Depression the 18th amendment was repealed by the 21st in 1933. However, the implications of Prohibition remained with organized crime becoming a mainstay of urban areas on the East coast.


All Images courtesy of Wikimedia

Wednesday, June 2, 2010

.The Women of Gatsby




The 1920's was a time of change for women. They were coming out of their shells and becoming more independent. "They also gave women new role models: the strong, independent women who was capable of taking care of herself, asserting her sexuality, and making a living at the same time." (http://www.1920s-fashion-and-music.com/famous-people-in-the--1920s.html) The women that attended Gatsby's parties were flirtatious, independent, and care-free. These women would flirt with men at the parties and dance with different people. These ladies weren't afraid to have some fun.

The women of Gatsby were very independent. They dressed up in extravagant outfits and made themselves feel beautiful. They were confident and outgoing. They believed in themselves and the new, daring personality that came along with that. These women spent their time dancing, gossiping, and having the time of their lives.





These women were also rebellious and daring. They drank in public, smoked, and were of low moral character. "They rode bicycles and drove cars, drank(often in public), and smoked cigarettes through long holders" (http://noticeboard.arikiart.com/2008/08/flappers-of-1920s.html) This new time of rebellion and fun was exciting to them. It was something different and it felt good to them to do what they pleased and not worry. Gatsby's parties were where they acted on their rebellious ways.